Brownfields - 128a & 104k

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines brownfield land as property where the reuse may be complicated by the presence of hazardous materials. Brownfields can be abandoned gas stations, dry cleaning establishments, factories, mills, or foundries.  At a smaller scale, they can be dry cleaners, vacant lots, or gas stations.  Sites where contamination is merely perceived, and site conditions are unknown, are still considered brownfields.  Brownfields do not include Superfund sites. Brownfields affect nearly every town or village, large and small.  Brownfields are multi-disciplinary in nature (not an environment-only issue). 

What is a Brownfield?

Photo: Former Western Equipment Shop

​With certain legal exclusions and additions, the term "brownfield site" means real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

Cleaning up and reinvesting in these properties protects the environment, reduces blight, and takes development pressures off greenspaces and working lands. (EPA)

The purpose of the Brownfields program is to clean up "areas which may have been complicated by the presence or potential presence of a pollutant, hazardous substance, or contaminant", in creating opportunity to reuse, redevelop on the land for future uses.

For everything regarding "Brownfields", its overview, definitions, and programs, jump to the link:

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) falls under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 9 which covers the Arizona, California, Guam, Hawaii, and Nevada.

To see the locations of all current US EPA Region 9 Brownfield Grants, click on the link:

REFERENCES: U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

128(a) Brownfields

104(k) Brownfields (Hazardous Substances & Petroleum)

What is an Environmental Site Assessment?

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment

Phase II Environmental Site Assessment

Soil sampling at Joenel's Auto Shop (Phase II ESA)

Public Record

Success Stories

Managaha Island Cleanup Action